Dr. Timothy Shanahan
Dr. Timothy Shanahan
Overview

Please read the overview on the document below. This overview is from the National Reading Panel's web site and it will provide you with:
  • 1. the rationale for conducting the study
  • 2. the topics studies by the researchers
  • 3. FOUR approaches that improve reading instruction
  • 4. SIX teaching techniques that are effective for teaching children how to read


Tasks

  • 1. Read a few sections, selected by me, of Research-based reading instruction: Myths about the National Reading Panel report (Shanahan, 2003)
  • 2. Use my literal comprehension questions to help you complete an About/Point Writing to Improve Comprehension Strategy
  • 3. Use excerpts from the Reading Wars (Pearson, 2004) article you have been reading and Research-based reading instruction: Myths about the National Reading Panel report to explain how THREE mediated actions taken by Shanahan and Pearson.

1. Setup an About/Point Strategy
  • a. use whatever medium works for you
  • b. Oh, man, I forgot how to setup this strategy - ok, click here to see a digital version -

2. Read sections of Research-based reading instruction: Myths about the National Reading Panel report (Shanahan, 2003)
  • a. retrieve the article from - here - [1]
  • b. Sections of article and literal comprehension questions to answer
    • (i.) Read p. 646 - 647 (up to the section called National Reading Panel (NRP))
      • A. Who asked people to examine the research on teaching reading?
      • B. What was a misleading ambiguity contained in one of the summaries of the NRP?
    • (iii.) Read p. 648
      • A. What was a major conclusion of the report?
      • B. How do students obtain the greatest success in learning how to read?
      • C. How many other reports found that explicit instruction in phonemic awareness and phonics instruction gave children a clear advantage?
Dr. David Pearson
Dr. David Pearson


3. Explain the Mediated Actions of Shanahan & Pearson
  • a. use whatever medium works for you, but you must share it with me using Dropbox - NO EMAILS WILL BE READ
  • b. Analyze the mediated actions by Shanahan & Pearson
    • (i.) Mediated Action by Shanahan (2003): Shanahan wrote, "our findings are now a cornerstone of U.S. federal reading education policy (the Reading First provisions of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that support extensive professional development for teachers with regard to NRP findings), and, not surprisingly, the report has generated new controversies" (p. 646)
      • A. Mediated Action by Pearson (2004): Pearson wrote that there was an "increasing politicization of the reading research and policy agenda" (p. 220)
        • 1. Based on what you know about the reading wars (Basal v. Whole Language)...
          • a. why do you think Shanahan wrote this statement?
          • b. why do you think Pearson wrote this statement?

    • (ii.) Mediated Action by Shanahan (2003): "The NRP did find that explicit phonemic awareness and phonics instruction gave children a clear early advantage in reading consistent with earlier influential reports (Adams, 1991; Anderson, Scott, Hiebert, & Wilkinson, 1988; Chali, 1967; Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998)." (p. 648)
      • A. Mediated Action by Pearson (2004): "There were four casualties: skills instruction, strategy instruction, an emphasis on text structure, and reading in the content areas. Earlier, I sug- gested that one of the consequences of whole language was the relegation of skills to the “appendices” of instructional programs." (p. 221)
        • 1. Based on what you know about the reading wars (Basal v. Whole Language)...
          • a. why do you think Shanahan wrote this statement?
          • b. why do you think Pearson wrote this statement?

    • (ii.) Mediated Action by Shanahan (2003): "We found no magic bullet." (p. 653)
      • A. Mediated Action by Pearson (2004): "This lack of evidence, however, does not seem to have deterred advocates who, on the phonics issues, championed scientific evidence as the gold standard for policy implementation." (p. 229)
        • 1. Based on what you know about the reading wars (Basal v. Whole Language)...
          • a. why do you think Shanahan wrote this statement?
          • b. why do you think Pearson wrote this statement?

  1. ^ (you must be able to login to the Buffalo State Library)